Forex Glossary (I)

Commonly used forex terms and their definitions.

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If Done Order - (I/D) A conditional order usually based on an existing limit order.

IMF - International Monetary Fund, established in 1946 to provide international liquidity on a short and medium term and encourage liberalization of exchange rates. The IMF supports countries with balance of payments problems with the provision of loans.

IMM - International Monetary Market part of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange that lists a number of currency and financial futures implied volatility; this is a measurement of the market's expected price range of the underlying currency futures based on the traded option premiums.

Implied Rates - The interest rate determined by calculating the difference between spot and forward rates.

Indicative Quote - A market-maker's price which is not firm.

Inflation - (CPI) Continued rise in the general price level in conjunction with a related drop in purchasing power. Sometimes referred to as an excessive movement in such price levels.

Initial Margin - The required initial deposit of collateral to enter into a position as a guarantee on future performance. The high degree of leverage that is obtainable in the trading of off-exchange foreign currency transactions can work against you as well as for you. Leverage can lead to large losses as well as gains.

Inter-Bank Market - A loose network of currency transactions negotiated between financial institutions and other large companies.

Inter-Bank Rates - The foreign exchange rates at which large international banks quote other large international banks.

Interest Arbitrage - Switching into another currency by buying spot and selling forward, and investing proceeds in order to obtain a higher interest yield. Interest arbitrage can be inward, i.e. from foreign currency into the local one or outward, i.e. from the local currency to the foreign one. Sometimes better results can be obtained by not selling the forward interest amount. In that case some treat it as no longer being a complete arbitrage, as if the exchange rate moved against the arbitrageur, the profit on the transaction may create a loss.

Interest Parity - One currency is in interest parity with another when the difference in the interest rates is equalized by the forward exchange margins. For instance, if the operative interest rate in Europe is 3% and in the US is 5%, a forward premium of 2% for the Euro against the United States would bring about interest parity.

Interest Rate Swaps - An agreement to swap interest rate exposures from floating to fixed or vice versa. There is no swap of the principal. It is the interest cash flows be they payments or receipts that are exchanged.

Internationalization - Referring to a currency that is widely used to denominate trade and credit transactions by non-residents of the country of issue. US dollar and Swiss Franc are examples.

Intervention - Action by a central bank to affect the value of its currency by entering the market. Concerted intervention refers to action by a number of central banks to control exchange rates.


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